Welcome to Nicaraguan Travel Guide!
Welcome to Nicaragua and thanks for considering a vacation in San Juan del Sur! You are just steps away from the beautiful sandy beaches of Maderas and Majagual, the lush jungle of La Flor Wildlife Reserve, the thrill of world-class surf breaks, and the haunting call of the howler monkeys. We hope that this visitor guide helps to orient you to the many exciting adventures that await you.
Nicaragua is the largest country in Central America, bordering Honduras to the north and Costa Rica to the south. It is also home to the largest lake in Central America: Lake Nicaragua (Cocibolca), which plays host to the only fresh-water sharks in the world, as well as a second lake: Lake Managua (Xolotlán). The country's name is derived from Nicarao, the name of the Naualt-speaking tribe which inhabited the shores of Lake Nicaragua before the Spanish conquest of the Americas, and the Spanish word Agua, meaning water, due to the presence of the large lakes, lagoons and rivers in the region. Spanish is spoken by 98% of the inhabitants of Nicaragua. Miskito and other indigenous languages are still spoken on the Atlantic coast. English is wide spoken as a second language. The most popular religion in Nicaragua is Roman Catholicism. Nicaragua has strong folklore, music and religious traditions. The Paciﬁc Coast is strongly inﬂuenced by the Spanish colonizers of itʼs past. Music in Nicaragua is a mix of indigenous, folk and Spanish inﬂuenced music. Nicaragua is the safest country in Central America and the second safest country in Latin America. People in Nicaragua are known for having huge smiles, being very welcoming and genuinely friendly.
In addition to ﬁshing and agriculture, the burgeoning tourism industry has boosted the economy and paved the way for new businesses, including restaurants, tour operators, and a multitude of activity-oriented expeditions. The last undiscovered jewel of Central America is being unearthed. Over the last 7 years tourism numbers are up 70% with an annual growth rate of 10-16%. This increase and growth in the tourism sector has lead to a 300% increase in income from tourism over the last 10 years. Despite all this growth, Nicaragua still remains the least visited country in Central America which leaves plenty of room for improvement. Each year about 60,000 Americans visit Nicaragua, and there are currently 5,300 Americans which call Nicaragua home.
Nicaragua possesses a system of protected areas which harbor thousands of species of ﬂora and fauna. The country has 84 National Parks, reserves and wildlife sanctuaries that protect 20% of the total land area, far more than any other country in Central America.